ProMéxico MIM


In Mexico, it is represented between 10% and 12% of terrestrial diversity of the planet, so it is in fourth place globally within the group named mega-diverse countries.

Wildlife conservation and protection are priorities of Mexico's environment policy. The National Commission for Protected Natural Areas manages 182 federal natural areas, which cover more than 90 million acres.

Class Number Surface
Biosphere reserves 44 62,952,750
Natural parks 67 16,220,099
Natural monuments 5 16,269
Protected natural resources areas 8 4,503,345
Protected flora and fauna areas 40 6,996,864
Sanctuaries 18 150,193
Total 182 90,839,520

Source: National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP), 2018.

Ecosystem Diversity

Mexico's ecosystem diversity is significant, allowing producing a wide variety of agricultural products. The largest areas concentrate on spring-summer harvests. Irrigation farming is practiced mainly in dry and semi-dry areas with modern technology oriented to single-crop-farming.


Mexico has many natural resources that favor the development of a large number of production activities, including those related to renewable energy generation.

Some of Mexico's strengths in this area are:

  • Potential to generate wind power estimated at 87,600 GWh per year.
  • Potential to generate hydroelectric power estimated at 44,180 GWh per year.
  • Potential to generate geothermal energy estimated at 52,013 GWh per year.


Mexico has a long tradition of mining production that plays an important role in the country's economic activity, mainly in the industrial sector.

Mexico globally known for its mineral production, particularly silver, copper, bismuth, lead and zinc. Some of Mexico's strengths in this area are:

  • It is the world's largest silver producer.
  • It is the world's seventh copper producer.
  • It is the world's twelfth petroleum producer.